Emergency Accommodation Homeless accommodation If you are living in Ireland in a hostel or bed and breakfast or staying temporarily with friends because you have no accommodation, you are homeless. If you think you may lose your home soon, you should immediately contact your local authority and, if necessary, get advice about your situation from your nearest […] Read more

Having a Baby Maternity Benefit is a payment for women on maternity leave from work and who have paid a certain amount of PRSI (Pay Related Social Insurance). You need to apply for the payment 6 weeks before you intend to go on maternity leave (12 weeks if you are self-employed). The amount of money paid to you […] Read more
Children Rights and Policy Children in Ireland are among the most vulnerable members of society. Irish law protects children until they are considered to be able to interact in society as adults. For this reason, children are treated differently from adults by the criminal justice system in Ireland. The law which deals with children found in breach of the […] Read more
Getting married There are rules and procedures you must follow in order to marry in Ireland. There are also rules and procedures if you are an Irish citizen and choose to marry abroad. Requirements for marriage If you are an Irish citizen normally resident in Ireland, you must be at least 18 years old to get married. There […] Read more
Parenting Alone : Support Services One-Parent Family Payment (OFP) is a payment for people in Ireland who are bringing children up without the support of a partner. It is payable to an unmarried person, a widow(er), a prisoner’s spouse, a separated or divorced person, or one whose marriage has been annulled. It is subject to certain conditions and you must […] Read more
Married and Unmarried Couples Married and unmarried couples For the purposes of most social welfare claims in Ireland (for example, Jobseeker’s Allowance) and supplementary welfare allowance claims, married and unmarried couples who are living together are treated the same. Your marital status will affect your entitlement to Widow’s/Widower’s Pension. You can only claim Widow’s/Widower’s Pension if your husband/wife dies. You […] Read more

English Schools in Dublin Ireland has become an increasingly popular location for English Language training, attracting students of all ages and nationalities. There are over 115 English language training schools in Ireland today with over 150,000 people visiting Ireland annually to follow language programmes. A large number of year round programmes now exist catering to widely diverse needs, interests […] Read more
Diplomas recognition Some EU countries require diplomas, titles, certificates or other special qualifications as a condition for access to certain salaried and self-employed occupations. It can be difficult to have your own training and skills fully recognised. The EU has therefore set up systems for recognising diplomas and training that enable you to make full use of […] Read more
Irish Education system The Constitution of Ireland has a number of articles that are relevant to the law on education. Article 42 of the Constitution deals with education. Other articles also have a bearing on education law, in particular the articles dealing with the family and religion (Articles 41 and 44). Irish Education System This is the full text […] Read more
Libraries Ballyfermot LibraryAddressBallyfermot Road,Dublin 10South Central DublinTelephone: + 353 1 6269324 / 6269325Email: ballyfermotlibrary@dublincity.ieOpening HoursMonday to Thursday10.00am – 8.00pmFriday, Saturday10.00am – 5.00pmSundayClosedHow to get there?By bus: 18, 76A, 76B, 78, 78A, 79, 79AAccessWheelchair access and an Induction loop system for use with hearing aids. Assistive technology for people with visual impairment, reading difficulties and for people whose […] Read more
Pre-school Childcare The law in Ireland provides for the regulation and inspection of pre-school childcare services. Under the Child Care Act 1991 the Health Service Executive (HSE) in Ireland is charged with ensuring the health, safety and welfare of preschool children attending services. Pre-school children in Ireland are defined by law as “children under 6 years of […] Read more
Primary and post-primary education Details of Primary and post-primary education Although children are not obliged to attend school until the age of six, 65% of four year olds and most five year olds are enrolled in the infant classes in primary schools in Ireland. Primary schools operate an eight-year programme, consisting of two kindergarten years (Junior and Senior Infants), […] Read more
Universities, Colleges & Courses At present there are 7 universities in the Republic of Ireland, all of them recognised for quality in education and ranked in the top 500 universities worldwide. There are also 14 institutes of technology and some other colleges Universities and Colleges DCU – Dublin City University – Its strength lies in its commitment to the […] Read more

Emergency Numbers If you are in the Dublin area you can ommit the prefix 01 for any of the emergency numbers below that have that prefix. The emergency services can be contacted by telephoning 999. This number is accessible free of charge from any telephone and is the initial contact when requiring the Police (Garda), Ambulance, Fire Brigade or […] Read more
Emergency Emergency health services in Ireland provide medical attention for illnesses or injuries requiring immediate treatment. Typical examples of injuries that may require emergency health services include those resulting from accidents, heart attacks or other sudden illnesses. Emergency health services are usually delivered by a general practitioner (GP), ambulance personnel or by attendance at the Accident […] Read more
GP: Visit Card – Medical Card General Practitioners (GPs) provide services to medical card holders in Ireland free of charge. Those GPs in the Primary Care Re-imbursement Service (formerly known as the ‘GMS’) scheme enter into contracts with Health Service Executive (HSE) to provide services. Patients may generally choose their doctor from a panel of doctors who are part of the […] Read more
Health Insurance Certain rules concerning private health insurance have been altered with the passing of the Health Insurance (Amendment) Act 2001 and the Health Insurance (Amendment) Act 2003. Given that commencement of the provisions of the 2001 Act dealing with “lifetime community rating” is envisaged towards the end of 2006, it is particularly important for people aged […] Read more
Health Services The Government, the Minister for Health and Children and the Department of Health and Children are at the head of health service provision in Ireland. The Department’s primary role is to support the Minister in formulating and evaluating policies for the health services. The Department also has a role in the strategic planning of health […] Read more
Health System Health system and personal social services in Ireland are delivered by the Health Service Executive (HSE), through a network of Local Offices, centres and clinics. The following is a brief description of the four HSE Administrative Areas. None of the Administrative Areas have their own websites yet: each Health Service Executive Administrative Area is responsible […] Read more
Hospitals Hospitals Everyone living in Ireland is entitled to free in-patient hospital services in public beds in public and voluntary hospitals. People who do not have medical cards may have to pay hospital charges. In-patient services are institutional services provided for people in hospitals, convalescent homes or homes for people with physical or mental disabilities. Day […] Read more

Building permission Building permission If you wish to build a house in Ireland, you must obtain planning or building permission from your local authority before you start construction. In Ireland, the law requires that you need planning permission for virtually every significant development. It’s important to be aware from the start therefore, that if you fail to […] Read more
Buying At some point in your life, you may wish to either buy or sell a home or property. It is not possible in Ireland to fully go through the purchase or sale of a home or property without legal advice and assistance, as this is quite a specialised area of law known as conveyancing. Conveyancing […] Read more
Renting If you are living in private rented accommodation you pay rent either directly to your landlord or to an agent on behalf of the landlord. Usually, the amount of rent payable is negotiated between you and the landlord at the start of the tenancy. Your landlord should record all rent payments in your rent book. […] Read more
Social Housing Local authorities in Ireland are the main provider of social housing for people who need housing and cannot afford to buy their own homes. Local authority housing is allocated according to housing need, and rents are based on your ability to pay. Housing associations (sometimes called “voluntary housing” or “voluntary housing associations”) and housing co-operatives […] Read more

Arrests Arrests are the apprehending or restraining of a person to bring that person to a District Court within a reasonable time. You can not be arrested for the purpose of gathering evidence or ‘helping the Gardai with their enquiries’. You must be told why you are being arrested, for example, because you are suspected of having stolen […] Read more
Civil Law Ireland’s Personal Injuries Assessment Board (PIAB) is an independent statutory body set up under the Personal Injuries Assessment Board Act 2003 under the civil law. The PIAB give an independent assessment of personal injury claims for compensation following accidents. However, they will only get involved where the person responsible is not disputing liability and agrees […] Read more
Crime Prevention Certain crime prevention strategies or  sensible precautions can help you to enjoy your stay in Ireland and avoid becoming a victim of crime. Things to remember Carry a handbag or shoulder bag that can be held securely. Keep a close eye on your bag in crowded streets, shops, restaurants, cafes and pubs. When visiting the […] Read more
Criminal Law A crime is defined in law in Ireland as an act which may be punished by the State. The way in which a criminal offence is investigated and prosecuted depends on the type of crime involved. For these purposes criminal offences may be described in different ways such as: Summary offences Indictable offences Minor offences […] Read more
Irish Constitution The Irish Constitution (Bunreacht na hÉireann) recognises and declares that people living in Ireland have certain fundamental personal rights. These rights are natural human rights – they come from being human and are confirmed and protected by the Constitution. Not every fundamental right that you possess is set out in the Constitution – you have […] Read more
Law Enforcement The Garda Síochána is the Irish national police force. It has responsibility for carrying out all policing duties in the Irish State. In addition, it provides State Security Services and carries out all criminal and traffic law enforcement. The name Garda Síochána in English means ‘guardians of the peace’. Structure of the Garda force The […] Read more
Legal aid and advice Legal Aid for non-criminal cases is known as civil legal aid and has been available since 1979. If you need civil legal aid, you must contact one of the Legal Aid Centres. There is a means test for legal aid; your disposable income must be less than €18,000 per annum. You must also have disposable capital […] Read more
Prison system In all there are approximately 3,200 persons in custody in our prisons at any one time. At present, there are 14 prisons and places of detention used to accommodate prisoners in Ireland. Eleven are “closed” institutions with both internal and Perimeter Security one is a semi-open place of detention which differs in that it has […] Read more
Separation and Divorce Stages of  separation and divorce involve when a marriage first breaks up, many couples informally separate and live apart. Marital breakdown affects all areas of a person’ s life, and most people go on to regulate matters between them in a legal context. There are four different ways of doing this in Ireland: Mediated Agreement […] Read more
Victims of crime The Department of Justice, Equality and Law Reform takes into account the views of victims when framing or reviewing criminal law. Some of the important new laws that concern victims are set out in the rules section below. Rules The Criminal Evidence Act, 1992 This Act makes it easier for witnesses to give evidence in physical […] Read more
Legal matters There may be many reasons why you are unable to deal with your affairs in life. You may become mentally incapacitated and be legally incapable of carrying out certain transactions. You may acquire an illness or disability that restricts your ability to make objective decisions. If you become incapable of dealing with your affairs, for […] Read more

Capital Gains Tax Capital Gains Tax (CGT) is a tax charged on the capital gain (profit) you get from the disposal of any asset. It is payable by the person making the disposal. The difference between the price you paid for the asset and the price you sold it for, is considered taxable income. What is an asset? […] Read more
Tax on savings and investments Employee Share Option Schemes Information In Ireland, employees can avail of certain share options from their company that may be ‘tax free’ or ‘tax efficient’. However, it is useful to bear in mind that there are few benefits employees can receive that are completely ‘tax free’ based on tax on savings and investments. There are […] Read more
Income Support Dublin district income support servicesCentral Revenue Information Office​Cathedral Street, Off Upper O’Connell Street, Dublin 1Telephone Service:  353 1 878 0000(Personal Callers only)Taxes Central Registration OfficeArus Brugha, 9/15 Upper O’Connell Street, Dublin 1Telephone: 353 1 865 5000E-mail: tccro@revenue.ieTallaght Revenue Information OfficeLevel 2, The Square, Tallaght, Dublin 24Revenue Forms & Leaflets ServiceTelephone: 353 1 878 0100(Personal Callers only)Dublin PAYE No.1 & PAYE No.4Arus Brugha, 9/15 […] Read more
Income tax Income tax is charge nearly all income as liable. Tax on income that you earn from employment is deducted from your wages by your employer on behalf of the Irish Government. This is known as Pay As You Earn (PAYE). The amount of tax that you have to pay depends on the amount of the income that you earn and on your personal […] Read more
Vehicle-Duties and VRT All new motor vehicles and vehicles brought into Ireland are subject to Vehicle Registration Tax (VRT) and must be registered with the Revenue Commissioners. (The Revenue Commissioners are responsible for the collection of taxes in Ireland on behalf of the Irish Government). Every motor vehicle in the State, except for vehicles brought in temporarily by […] Read more
Moving country and taxation In the event of moving country and taxation your residence status for tax purposes is determined by the number of days that you are present in Ireland in a tax year. You will be resident in Ireland for a tax year in either of the following circumstances: If you spend 183 days or more in Ireland during […] Read more
Pension If you have come from a country with which Ireland has a Bilateral Social Security Agreement, your pension rights from the other country are protected when you move to Ireland. You may be able to combine your insurance records from Ireland and the appropriate country in order to qualify for a pension. It is possible […] Read more
Personal Finance In order to manage your personal finance,  bank account is necessary if you are living and working in Ireland. It allows you to save money, to make financial transactions, to receive your pay etc. Financial service providers offer many different accounts. For example, banks, credit unions, building societies and An Post all provide a range […] Read more
Loans There are many different forms of loans. Here is a list of some of the most popular forms of credit used in Ireland: Overdrafts Credit cards Personal loans (from banks or building societies) Credit Union loans Hire purchase Credit sale agreements Top-up mortgages Moneylending Each type of loan is described briefly below. Overdrafts An overdraft […] Read more
Value Added Tax Legislation The principal pieces of Irish legislation governing the value added tax system are as follows: Value Added Tax Act 1972 (Principal Act) Value Added Tax (Amendment) Act 1978 Value Added Tax Regulations While there is some Irish case law on VAT including decisions by the Appeal Commissioners, judgments from the European Court of Justice […] Read more

Appeals Social Welfare Appeals Office If you think that you have been wrongly refused a social welfare benefit in Ireland, or you are unhappy about a decision of a Social Welfare Deciding Officer about your entitlements, you can appeal this decision. The Social Welfare Appeals Office operates independently of the Department of Social and Family Affairs. […] Read more
Irish Social Welfare System Payments The Social Welfare system in Ireland is divided into three main types of payments. These are: Social insurance payments Means tested welfare payments Universal payments. With all social welfare payments, you must satisfy specific personal circumstances: for example, to claim the One-Parent Family Payment, you must be parenting alone and therefore not cohabiting or living […] Read more
Social Insurance Most employers and employees (over 16 years of age) in Ireland pay social insurance contributions into Ireland’s national Social Insurance Fund. In general, the payment of social insurance is obligatory. Ireland’s Social Insurance Fund is made up of a current account and an investment account managed by the Minister for Social and Family Affairs and […] Read more

Bank Account Opening a bank account in Ireland could be a tedious job. You will need to provide a number of documents and get yourself an appointment before you can get an account.  Even after booking your appointment, you will need to wait a few days for your bank account to be activated before you can use […] Read more
CV and cover letter In order to get a job in Ireland you should have a CV and a cover letter. CV Your CV (Curriculum Vitae) is a sum of your personal information such as: full name address telephone numbers (home and mobile) EMAIL ADDRESS You can also add your nationality and date of birth. It is important to […] Read more
PPS Number Your Personal Public Service Number (PPS No.) is a unique reference number that helps you to get access to social welfare benefits, public services and information in Ireland. State agencies that use PPS Numbers include the Department of Social and Family Affairs, the Revenue Commissioners and the Health Services Executive (HSE) Areas. The PPS Number […] Read more
Tax on savings and investments Employee Share Option Schemes Information In Ireland, employees can avail of certain share options from their company that may be ‘tax free’ or ‘tax efficient’. However, it is useful to bear in mind that there are few benefits employees can receive that are completely ‘tax free’ based on tax on savings and investments. There are […] Read more
Volunteer/Charity Work Volunteer Ireland is the National Volunteer Development Agency, an independent and non-profit organisations that inspires, promotes, supports and facilitates volunteer-charity work activity in Ireland. Volunteering is a term that covers many different activities: it could be visiting an elderly person, planting trees, assisting a charity with its finances and administration, helping someone to read or […] Read more
Work Permits In general, non-EEA nationals must have a permit to work in Ireland. EEA and Swiss nationals do not need an employment permit, except for Bulgarian and Romanian nationals – see below. Since 1 February 2007 there are a number of changes in relation to the application and granting of employment permits. Under the Employment Permits […] Read more
Work Taxes Most employees in Ireland pay work taxes through the PAYE (Pay As You Earn) system. This means that your employer deducts the tax you owe directly from your salary, and pays this tax directly to the Revenue Commisioners. The Revenue Commissioners collect taxes from citizens on behalf of the Irish Government. Starting work It is […] Read more

Postal services and costs Introduction The Commission for Communications Regulation (ComReg) was established as the national regulatory authority for the postal sector by the Communications Regulation Act 2002. An Post was designated Ireland’s universal service provider by the Communications Regulation (Postal Services) Act 2011 for a period of 12 years from August 2011. The 2011 Act also enacted into […] Read more
Transport Dublin BusBus services for the capital and adjoining areas are provided by Dublin Bus. There are more than 100 bus lines and they are in service all day long, from early in the morning until late in the evening (6:30 am to 11:30 pm). Dublin has night buses called Nitelink, which are in service from […] Read more

Who can become an Irish citizen? My parents were both born in Great Britain and so was I. Am I entitled to Irish citizenship based on my Irish grandparents?Yes, you are entitled to Irish citizenship by descent if any of your grandparents was born in Ireland, but you must first register your birth in the Foreign Births Register.I am a US […] Read more